Camp Iron Age Camp/Settlement Southwest of Ancaster, Lincolnshire OS Map Ref SK954423
OS Maps - Landranger 130 (Grantham), Explorer 247 (Grantham)
Western banks and ditches.
Eastern banks and ditches.
This well preserved set of
earthworks is marked on the map as 'fort' and James Dyer in his book 'Prehistoric
Britain' calls it an Iron
but it is more probable that it falls into the category of a defended
settlement or farmstead, these are much more common in the east of England
than the hillforts of the upland regions. The site is approached by a
muddy and rutted track that starts at SK948431 then leads uphill and to
the southeast. It takes a sharp right turn as the land levels off and
continues along the side of a small wood for about 600 metres before turning
left and leading 500 metres to the earthwork.
The camp or settlement sits below and to the northeast of the highest
point of Barkston Heath and consists of a small roughly rectangular set
of banks and ditches enclosing an area of 0.4-0.5 hectares. The earthworks
themselves comprise of a flat plateau surrounded by an inner bank, a ditch,
a larger central bank, another ditch and then a lower outer bank or counterscarp.
There is an entrance through the eastern defences and the ditches are
still a couple of metres deep in places, the whole site being in remarkably
good condition considering its exposed position and the fact that it sits
on a gentle slope in good farming land. I can't see that its primary purpose
was as a stronghold though, there are some clear views to the north and
east but the middle distance view to the west is blocked and that to the
south isn't fantastic plus the defences look like they could easily be
overcome. It would perhaps have been the homestead of a small family group,
perhaps farmers who were cultivating the lower slopes to the east that
are now taken up with an airfield. Finds from the site include some Roman
coins (Ermine Street runs about a mile to the east) as well as remains
of what could be Iron Age weapons and horse fastenings.
image of Honington Camp (zoom and pan to view)