Roman Town Roman Legionary Fort and Colonia Lincoln, Lincolnshire OS Map Ref SK975714
OS Maps - Landranger 121 (Lincoln & Newark-on-Trent), Explorer 272 (Lincoln)
The East Gate
Water Storage Tank
The Roman town of LINDVM was founded with a 17 hectare fortress in AD60
that housed the 9th Legion and then the 2nd Adiutrix some 10 years later.
Very little is known about this fort which is now covered by Lincoln Castle
although some parts of the earth and timber defenses have been found.
When the legions left in AD77 the site was resettled as a colonia,
a retirement home for veterans and their families. The name 'Lincoln'
is a corruption of the former 'Lindum Colonia'. Over the course of the
2nd and 3rd centuries the town grew and expanded down the hill along with
stone defensive walls and fine buildings, some incorporating Greek and
Italian marble as well as mosaic pavements. An aqueduct and a series of
pipes brought water into the town, which by now covered an area of around
40 hectares and waste was taken away with a set of sewers and house drains.
Several parts of the Roman town can still be seen today and include -
Newport Arch, the north gate of the town, is the only Roman arch still
standing in Britain. Built at the beginning of the 3rd century it once
stood over 2 metres higher than it does today due to the raised height
of the modern road. The small pedestrian entrance on the right of the
picture is a later Medieval addition.
The remains of the northern tower of the east gate survive outside the
Eastgate Hotel and date from around the same period as Newport Arch.
Evidence of the fresh water system can be seen in a Well close to the
Cathedral and also close to Newport Arch is piece of wall over 3 metres
thick that stands in the grounds of a private house which formed part
of a water storage tank for the town.