Breeze Farm Cursus (Cursus 'B')
West of Rudston, East Riding of Yorkshire OS Map Ref TA08056697 (Western terminal)
OS Maps - Landranger 101 (Scarborough), Explorer 301 (Scarborough, Bridlington & Flamborough Head)
Length: 1.37KM / 0.85 Miles, Orientation: WSW-ENE, Elevation: 58m (West) 28m (East) OSD
View of the course of Cursus B looking southwest from Rudston House.
| Of the four Neolithic
monuments that cluster around the village of Rudston, Cursus B is probably
the most difficult to trace at ground level. It follows a East-Northeast
route starting on a hillside near Kilham Grange at grid reference TA080670
from where its height falls quite rapidly for the first 300 metres before
steadying to loose no more than about 10 metres of elevation over the last
kilometre of its known length as it heads towards Rudston. The first 600
metres of the cursus is known from crop and soil marks (see satellite image
below) which then disappear for the next half a kilometre although the presumed
southern edge would have closely followed the course of a modern field boundary
and could lie beneath it. Another short 200 metres section has been observed
from aerial photographs in a field just to the west of Rudston, the photograph
above shows this field and was taken from behind Rudston House, roughly
half way between the edges of the cursus at grid reference TA093674 looking
towards the southwest. The actual banks and ditches are not evident at ground
level (there does seem to be however a slight dip in the middle of the field
that doesn't show up on the photograph) and I've marked their course with
dashed lines, the distance between them is about 80 metres at this point.
From here the rest of the cursus and its eastern terminal are unknown, as
it now lies under the village it is possible that it will remain undiscovered.
It is clear that it was aligned on the same spur of land where the Rudston
Monolith was later erected and as the other three cursuses all cross
the Gypsey Race stream at some point it might be reasonable to assume that
Cursus B also did, possibly terminating on the hillside to the south of
the modern church.
The diagram on the Beacon Cursus page shows the relationship between the four Neolithic cursus monuments clustered around Rudston village.
Google Earth image from winter 2005 showing the soil and cropmarks of the western end of the cursus (shown highlighted in inset image).
Elevation profile of cursus B - data taken from Memory Map software. Starting from the western end the land falls quite rapidly loosing 17 metres of height in a distance of 350 metres before the slope becomes much more gentle with the final 300 metres being almost on the level.