Stone Wheel Cross
Southeast of Prestatyn, Clwyd, Wales OS Map Ref SJ129788
OS Maps - Landranger 116 (Denbigh & Colwyn Bay), Explorer 265 (Clwydian Range)
Maen Achwyfan - Photographed 2001
Plan of Maen Achwyfan from 'Tours in Wales' (T Pennant 1883)
massive stone cross stands at a five-way cross road, West of Whitford,
East of Offa's Dyke and close to a row of at least four barrows.
Although it is clearly a Christian wheel cross, narrow and flat carved
on both sides and along its edges with intricate Celtic style knotwork
patterns, its location in a field and nowhere near a church suggest
a more distant past. It is in fact believed to be a Bronze
Age standing stone that perhaps marked a junction of several trackways,
(as it still does today) that has been 'Christianised'. This was a common
practice, an attempt by the early church to take away some of the power
that these sites held for the pagan population. This can also be seen
at Gwytherin where a church
was built to diffuse the power of an alignment of small stones. Further
afield, a church was built within Knowlton
Henge in Dorset, and in East Yorkshire the church at Rudston
was built right next to the tallest monolith in Britain.
Update: Laing dates the carvings to the 10th-11th century and notes that they show evidence of Viking as well as Celtic styles while Sharkey gives its height as 3.4 metres and provides an alternate spelling of 'Achwyfan' and name as 'The Stone of Lamentations'.
Cope, Julian. 1998. The Modern Antiquarian. A Pre-Millennial Odyssey through Megalithic Britain. London: Thorsons.
Laing, Lloyd & Jennifer. 1979. A guide to the Dark Age Remains in Britain. London: Constable.
Pennant, Thomas. 1883. Tours in Wales. Caernarvon: Humphreys.
Sharkey, John. 1998. Celtic High Crosses of Wales. Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch
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