Lincolnshire Long Barrows
Introduction and distribution map
showing the distribution of remaining long barrows (large dark green clickable
markers) along with crop marks (small light green markers) which suggest
the existence of destroyed barrows or elongated mortuary structures.
Zoom and pan the map for more detail.
Lincolnshire is a county
with a long history of human settlement and activity dating back to
(Old Stone Age) some 200000 to 35000 years ago. These mobile bands of
early hunter-gatherers left little trace of their activity, although
a few flint
hand axes have been recovered. Many more finds of flint microliths have
come from the Mesolithic
(Middle Stone Age), mainly from upland limestone areas that may have
been used as seasonal camp sites but still very little evidence of settlement
or funerary rights has survived. With the coming of the Neolithic
(New Stone Age) around 6000 years ago there was an influx of ideas from
Europe possibly brought by traders that included agriculture as well
as new forms of belief systems, particularly 'the cult of the ancestor'.
This veneration of the dead was demonstrated by the building of huge
earthen and chalk mortuary structures known as long
barrows. An excavation of one of the Giant's
Hills barrows by C. W. Phillips in 1933-4 revealed much information
about the construction of the mound, and it is assumed that other long
barrows may well have followed the same method of construction, although
this cannot be certain as most remain unexcavated or badly damaged.
Giant's Hills also illustrates many of the same features of size and
location as the other surviving barrows - it was 65 metres long, 23
metres wide and was built near the top of a hillside overlooking a valley,
its long axis following the contours of the landscape. It seems that
the Lincolnshire barrows sizes, shapes and methods of construction are
almost unique to this area, they range from between 24 metres to 78
metres in length, between 12 metres and 24 metres in width and seem
to have been surrounded by a fully enclosing ditch structure.
List of remaining long barrows-
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